These are the top 10 poorest states in Nigeria currently, sorry if you find out your state is among the list.
Here are the top 10 poorest states in Nigeria 2021 according
to data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
Nigeria is a country blessed with mineral resources and is
made up of 36 states. These states are meant to be
productive based on their available natural resources, and are
meant to have a strong and honest government capable of
managing these natural resources to generate its revenue.
Poorest states in
But the reverse is the case as some states are down to
poverty by 70 percent. However, these poor states in Nigeria
became poor due to bad governance, mismanagement of
state resources or security issues as the case may be.
We have listed the poorest states in the country according to
data from the National Bureau of Statistics, using
infrastructural development, state of economy, literacy level,
security and governance to compile this list of 10 poorest
states in Nigeria this 2021.
Top Ten (10) Poorest States in
1. Sokoto state
Sokoto state is rated as the poorest state in Nigeria, ranking
81.2% on poverty level. Its harsh climate conditions has made
its a no go area and has prevented foreigners and foreign
investors to come for investment in the state. It is also the
seat of the Caliphate.
2. Kastina state
Located at the deepest part of the north western area of
Nigeria, Kastina state made it in the list of poorest states in
Nigeria because it has fewer or no solid investment or sector
that generates revenue for the state.
3. Adamawa state
Due to the frequent attack from Boko Haram terrorists,
Adamawa state’s economy has crippled as a result of its
citizens running away from the state because of safety. It has
affected the state poorly to a poverty levelof 74.2%.
4. Gombe state
Gombe state which is located at the north-eastern part of
Nigeria is also facing its own peril in security with crippled
economy to a 73.2% poverty level.
5. Jigawa state
A state situated at the north-western part of Nigeria and
basically populated with the Hausa/Fulani tribe. With low
literacy level and low economic growth, the poverty level of
Jigawa state is at 72.1%.
6. Plateau state
Although, plateau state is one of the highest populated state
in Nigeria and has some tourist attractions, It has also
suffered a long timely tribal conflict which has carelessly
destroyed its economy by 71%. The poverty rate in this state
is terrible with many people traveling to other states of the
7. Ebonyi state
Ebonyi is regarded as the poorest state in Ibo land.
Unfortunately this is the only state in the South-East that falls
under the top poorest states in Nigeria with poverty rate of
70.6% due to poverty, illiteracy and bad government.
8. Bauchi state
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, Bauchi was
ranked among states that are poor.
Statistics shows that majority of the residents in this area lack
the basic amenities of life and it is a war torn zone. The
mortality rate recorded after the various insurgent attack is
9. Kebbi state
Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria. Its capital is Birnin
Kebbi. The state also listed among the 10 states that have the
highest poverty rate in the country. Its rating is 72%.
10. Zamfara state
With 70.8 percent poverty rate, Zamfara has been ranked by
the NBS among the poorest states in the country 2021. Strife,
disease and hunger affects the residents of this state a lot.
A lot has been said above concerning these states, from bad
government to negligence, lack of jobs which causes
unemployment, poverty, etc. We wonder how these affected
states will fare in the future.
Niger has been ranked the state with the lowest poverty rate,
closely followed by Osun state with 37.9 percent and Ondo
Bayelsa and Lagos both have less than 50
percent poverty rate, with 47 and 48.6 percent respectively.
List of Top 10 Poorest States in
Nigeria By GDP (2021)
Wealth is not uniformly distributed among the 36 states of
Some of the states like Lagos, Rivers and Delta are
quite richer than the other.
This post is about the top 10
poorest states in Nigeria this 2021 in terms of GDP.
It is important to note that the poorest states in the country
are located in the northern part of the country.
Of the 10
states on the list, eight are from the north, one from the east
and one from the west.
Yobe State ($2,011)
Yobe state is the poorest state in Nigeria currently. It is
located in the northeastern part of the country and has the
city of Damaturu as its capital.
The state lies in the dry Savanna belt and as such, it is hot
and dry. This state is also one of the most terrorized states in
In term of land area, Yobe is the 6 largest state in Nigeria.
The main economic activity in this state is Agriculture done by
the locals mainly on a subsistence level.
Gombe State ($2,501)
Gombe state with the city of Gombe as its capital is the 2
poorest state in Nigeria. Just like Yobe state, it is located in
the North East geopolitical zone.
Gombe state is one of the least populated states in the
country. The most important economic activity in Gombe
state is Agriculture.
Ebonyi State ($2,501)
The capital of Ebonyi state is Abakaliki. This is the only state
from South East that is on this list. Ebonyi state is the poorest
state in Igbo land.
The main economic activity in this state is farming which just
like in the other states above is done at a subsistence rate.
The standard of living in Ebonyi state compared to other
states in the South East is very low.
Ekiti State ($2,848)
Ekiti state is located in the Yoruba dominated south sest part
of the country.
This state boasts of producing the highest number of
professors in the country as well as has some pioneer
academics in the state.
Ironically, despite its human and natural resources, it is the
south west poorest Yoruba states. Farming is the widespread
economic activity in the state.
Jigawa State ($2,988)
Jigawa state is located in the North West geopolitical zone
and it is the 5 poorest state in the country and has a GDP
The main economic activity in this state is agriculture.
Nasarawa State ($3,022)
Nasarawa state is one of the poorest states bordering the
Federal Capital Territory (FCT). It is located in the north-
central part of the country (also known as Middle belt).
The city of Lafia is the capital of Nasarawa state and this
state is blessed with solid minerals. However, it is mostly
being mined by artisans.
The main economic activity in this state is agriculture done
mostly at a subsistence level.
Kebbi State ($3,290)
Kebbi state is also located in the northern part of the country.
The capital of the state is Birnin-Kebbi.
This state is number 7 on the list of the poorest states in the
country. The main economic activity in this state is
Taraba State ($3,397)
Taraba state is also located in the north, and has the city of
Jalingo as its capital.
Just like the states above, agriculture employs most of the
Kwara State ($3,841)
The city of Ilorin is the capital of Kwara state. The state is
located in the North central part of the country and it is one
of the poorest states in the country in terms of GDP
Zamfara State ($4,123)
Zamfara state is an agricultural state and depends on farming.
The state is located in the north western part of the country
and it capital is Gusau.
This state is the tenth on our list of top 10 poorest states
according to their GDP.